How Formula 1 Cars Boil Rubber

30. april. 2021
423 474 Ganger

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F1 cars can literally boil the rubber in their tyres.
It’s called blistering, and what is interesting is that it tells a much bigger story about the pressures Pirelli are under to create tyres that aren’t as good as they could be.
Despite the extensive research and development, the tyres are the only component of an F1 car, that isn’t at the limit of what is physically possible.
So we’re going to break down the incredible engineering that goes into these tyres, and how going a bit too fast for 5 laps, can completely destroy them.
To understand this, we need to look at the first step in this story - how the tyre is constructed, which is incredibly interesting.

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  • Isn't it amazing how complex these tyres are?! Do you think Pirelli should be allowed to make the best tyre possible? Or do you rather the increased wear?? Let me know! Thanks to Squarespace for supporting the channel! Head to to save 10% off your first purchase of a website or domain using code DRIVER61.

    Driver61Driver616 dager siden
    • Just to throwing it out there ... You should franchise this channel to Rider61 and cover MotoGP ...

      Petar RatkovićPetar Ratković6 timer siden
    • @Zyaire Ian Definitely, I've been using Flixzone for months myself =)

      Raymond LeeRaymond LeeDag siden
    • pro tip: you can watch series on flixzone. Me and my gf have been using them for watching lots of of movies these days.

      Zyaire IanZyaire IanDag siden
    • Pirelli isn't allowed to make better, longer lasting tires because the FIA wants mandatory pit stops. One of the many things the FIA introduced that are not doing F1 any favors. . Fuel management & tire management = not racing to the limit, something F1 should always be.

      Nico MeierNico Meier2 dager siden
    • Without a doubt, make the best possible tyre. Environmentally it makes no sense to go through the vast array of sets carried, and whilst it might be entertaining to load the drivers with yet more technology, it cannot add to the safety of the sport if they are constantly heads down monitoring such a critical component.

      vrccbvrccb2 dager siden
  • how about rainy conditions?

    Karpe D.MKarpe D.MTime siden
  • Great content. Would love some rally stuff as well

    Carlos FunesCarlos Funes2 timer siden
  • Problem with tires heating is really complex. In 20 season iirc was track with rough surface and counterintuitivly from data it turned out to be much better for tires than more smooth tracks exactly because tires heating was more even

    Alex ReizAlex Reiz3 timer siden
  • The eraser comparison is absolutely fantastic!

    Pontus JohanssonPontus Johansson5 timer siden
  • Soooo because f1 is so boring they have to engineer over takes?

    Andy BurbidgeAndy Burbidge6 timer siden
  • they dont use superhards anymore?

    Neuk BeerNeuk Beer7 timer siden
  • Great video!! as always there is so much more than meets the eye

    Direct ClutchDirect Clutch9 timer siden
  • Not a contradictory note, but an addition! One of the other main ways tires grip is chemical adhesion, in the same way that tape sticks to flat surfaces. This is why tire grip doesn't conform to the standard equation for friction, as area is irrelevant to friction force when the normal force is the same. Greater area of adhesion means more grip, which is one reason why F1 cars corner faster on well surfaced tracks than normal chunky street asphalt. Compound softness and adhesion can be tuned separately, to the advantage of lesser performing machines like road bikes. Soft compounds absorb road surfaces in the contact area rather than the heavier sidewall and key into road surfaces better. High cornering grip and lower rolling resistance all in one package! A mountain bike however needs hard compounds with high adhesion, so they can be stiff enough to physically key into loose surfaces but still grip on smooth rock and shale.

    Samuel HopelySamuel Hopely12 timer siden
  • This guy has explained stuff better than those F1 employees👍🏻

    Shreyas PaiShreyas Pai13 timer siden
  • for normal road cars, here in Brazil blisters on tires are usually formed because of terrible tarmac conditions

    Porteibou OpsPorteibou Ops14 timer siden
  • Great video, thank you

    Donovan GDonovan G17 timer siden
  • In the current state of F1 it’s just as much about driving well as making sure the driver doesn’t drive too hard. Obviously because of the limits on how many of each part they can use.

    『Ogawa』『Ogawa』19 timer siden
  • Bring back the tyre war

    Obi-Wan KannabisObi-Wan Kannabis20 timer siden
  • supersoft???

    MRSamiboiMRSamiboi22 timer siden
  • All cool but only 720p in 2021? Even yt doesnt call it hd anymore :(

    infiinfi23 timer siden
  • 3mm of usable tread ???? is that correct ???...that seems very thin....i seen an article saying how the tire were 4mm thinner in 2019 to combat blistering.... ????

    BETNCORTBETNCORT23 timer siden
  • This happens on Hoosier atv racing tires too on hard packed DIRT!

    Jake ValeJake ValeDag siden
  • No wonder people like football more than F1😅

    Hari BabuHari BabuDag siden
  • But first.. The boring ad ceases at 1:27 before the black gold rubber goodness begins.

    Deepinder CheemaDeepinder CheemaDag siden
  • Curious, as Pirelli is the only tire distributor for F1, I wonder how that affects innovation. Without even a minor competitor, their reflexes to change would majority come critics from teams/racers. Which is fair. But that doesn't propel innovations. It just cures an existent problem that was overlooked. Seeing how the Tire is the one part of the F1 car that is the same for every team, I feel Pirelli has no real reason for innovation, as the sport will carry it's pedigree regardless of future effort. The result has been thus far a subpar experience for Pirelli in F1 in my opinion. But to be fair, Pirelli is held hostage to the many degrees of changes to chassis, floors, suspensions etc etc which all change the dynamics of the car. In essence, the rules are changing car dynamics faster than Pirelli can keep up.

    _SoDamnGood__SoDamnGood_Dag siden
  • Just bring back Michelin and Bridgestone

    Ken XiongKen XiongDag siden
  • This channel is on 🔥 great content!!! 👌🏼

  • Let us steal footage from other videos and commentate lines literally in a wikipedia page - Driver61

    Joshua KawamataJoshua KawamataDag siden
  • Big question... What would you say is the biggest thing holding f1 from becoming faster? Tires? Hp? Rules? Downforce possibilities? The drivers? The track? The budget? The materials in the cars?

    Hogan bassettHogan bassettDag siden
  • I was running th P217 at Hockenheim on iRacing last night, and I locked up my tires a few times during the race. I could absolutely tell a difference between flying practice laps and flying racing laps. Something to be mindful of.

    MrShpacoMrShpacoDag siden
  • Your accent typical UK front teeth talking

    anonymus Aanonymus ADag siden
  • video starts at 1:30

    Paul JohnsonPaul Johnson2 dager siden
  • Pirelli did a funny when they decided to make tires so brittle in terms of temperature operation, would love to see tires that are actually taken to the limit of engineering

    tomsterBGtomsterBG2 dager siden
    • Pirelli once said that they can create tyres which last for the entire season if they want

      Mylo KurtzMylo Kurtz16 timer siden
  • 1:30 to skip the ad.

    QuestchaunQuestchaun2 dager siden
  • can you do a video about track surfaces and their relation to the tires' grip index?

    TuanamstyleTuanamstyle2 dager siden
    • ps: grip and deg

      TuanamstyleTuanamstyle2 dager siden
  • "because it creates more exciting strategies and better racing"? Really? I would argue the current generation of tire does exactly the opposite. Cars cannot follow closely because the tires cannot handle this large and heavy generation of car. Further, the artificial rule requiring the use of two compounds per race is also idiotic: indeed, in its purest form, the tire should be selected optimally for the situation.

    Glenn WatsonGlenn Watson2 dager siden
  • The only problem is that track position has now become so important that it's actually better to driver slower, to conserve tires and avoid making an extra pitstop because even with a ton of overspeed it is very hard to pass someone on track. For this generation of cars, the tires should actually wear less. Hopefully, from 2022 this will improve.

    Harm KuijpersHarm Kuijpers2 dager siden
  • What I don't understand is why F1 tires can't last a race but tires in Rally or Formula E can last till the finish

    C1AnsyC1Ansy2 dager siden
  • Why does Lewis always complain about dead tires, then proceeds to crush the lap times?

    Matej VicianMatej Vician2 dager siden
  • Is this video out dated

    X_NightF1X_NightF12 dager siden
  • will my regular car also do this? this 45 year old from your post code would like to know the one simple trick to avoid this

    ChristoChristo2 dager siden
  • Great video, great explanation!

    Konstantin StefanovKonstantin Stefanov2 dager siden
  • Excellent instructive video - thank you

    vrccbvrccb2 dager siden
  • Hate to be that guy, but stuff it the tyres are plastic not rubber. I'm sorry.

    paul snowpaul snow2 dager siden
  • “Massive”

    B.C. SmithB.C. Smith2 dager siden
  • wanna insert a tire complaint , aah Lewis Hamilton

    Alex NdunguAlex Ndungu2 dager siden
  • Tire deg is part of the sport. I don’t want tires so durable that all races end up being 1 stop.

    T ZT Z2 dager siden
  • your videos are great. as an ex-racer i appreciate the insight you bring to f1 fans. with you they're getting the real deal. well done.

    Neil HendersonNeil Henderson2 dager siden
  • Meanwhile, me in F1 2020: **pushing 100% the entire race**

    wifebeater69wifebeater692 dager siden
  • Thank you for the “scrub set” explanation. It was a head scratcher to me. Great info as always,

    Chris VokesChris Vokes2 dager siden
  • It isn't just F1 that can blister a race tire. Any race car can blister the tire if the setup is wrong or they are using the wrong compound. I've bolstered a few in various formula cars in the SCCA.

    epistteepistte2 dager siden
  • Holy damn...

    Scott L.Scott L.2 dager siden
  • now that's what race world called a " tyre management " if you can't manage your tyre management at the race session, then you can't achieve what might ahead of you to winning.

    Force NatureForce Nature3 dager siden
  • how old is this i thought they did c1-c5

    fatal_antfatal_ant3 dager siden
  • you dumb it down ssoooooooo much i'm not retarded i watch a lot of F1 i know how tiers work on a road

    Breckan625Breckan6253 dager siden
  • Interesting. Very interesting. Specially the part where Pirelli can actually make a durable and fast tyre but they don't so the sport can be a little unpredictable. Frankly no refueling meant that there is gonna be fewer stops. Imagine tyres that can go the whole race. That would definitely be boring.

    Sanele ButheleziSanele Buthelezi3 dager siden
  • I wonder how much F1 tires cost, considering the complexity of materials and manufacturing and probably low sales volume due to zero interest from the larger general public market.

    burgundypointburgundypoint3 dager siden
  • very good information, tons of science here!!!!

    GarageKingGarageKing3 dager siden
  • The tires are the only component that aren’t at the limit…. And how 5 laps can totally destroy them. Uhhhhh, not at the limit seems a bit misleading.

    a1geeea1geee3 dager siden
  • and... my camaro can boil rubber to...

    krazor8krazor83 dager siden
  • Checo taking notes

    Sachit WijesingheSachit Wijesinghe3 dager siden
  • Real video starts at 1:28

    Mehmet Akif AKKAYAMehmet Akif AKKAYA3 dager siden
  • Watching this after seeing Checo go 50+ laps with the same set of tires in Portugal

    TakuTaku3 dager siden
  • Mordern f1 cars look like some showmen from las Vegas.

    Rohit KRohit K3 dager siden
  • Please hide that connector in your sign's so irritating 😓

    Dhruv AryaDhruv Arya3 dager siden
  • The Pirelli era has been disastrous for racing excitement

    Apollo ProspectorApollo Prospector3 dager siden
  • It sounds like winning F1 is basically how well teams manage their tyres

    Errol GlennErrol Glenn3 dager siden
    • @Arrica need to let teams get more say in tires, maby let more tire manufactures in the mix and less limitation on tires in general , want to runn all soft all the time and pit everyt 10 lap , go a head , want to run hards and never pit go a head , want to dewelpo new super soft never wearing tires do so !

      Tore NylandTore NylandDag siden
    • Yep, hence why for the last couple seasons the racing has been so boring. Its not about who can drive the fastest, it's about who can conserve tyres

      ArricaArricaDag siden
  • 2:57 what? Orange is superhard tires, white is hard yellow is medium red is soft and pink is hypersoft. I guess you simplified it but it is still not correct. But otherwise very good educational vid

  • That ad is obnoxious.

    Martin DomsMartin Doms3 dager siden
  • Wait.. super-soft, medium, soft, hard? Do they know that they fucked up the tire order? I’m pretty sure soft should be softer than medium... someone has definitely been fired over there at Pirelli

    8BitZ0mbie8BitZ0mbie3 dager siden
  • nice job

    catur skakcatur skak3 dager siden
  • This channel is seriously the "racing for dummies"

    jensen atkinsjensen atkins3 dager siden
  • Did a few sessions where had to blow off the tire boogers off the track with a tractor mounted blower.

    Kevin 'Brongaar' GrandjeanKevin 'Brongaar' Grandjean3 dager siden
  • I dont like commercials on youtube, because of this I did NOT watch!!!!!!

    David MDavid M3 dager siden
  • How is the upcoming 18" wheel going to effect tires?

    Inspector71Inspector713 dager siden
  • I wonder how the new tire...or tyre... and wheel package will do in this area?

    Jimmy, Making it workJimmy, Making it work3 dager siden
  • They create multi million dollar cars alot of testing just to sit on shitty tires lol

    Chicken SkinChicken Skin3 dager siden
  • Why is it so important following a race finish, for drivers to pick up rubber/marbles, in F1?

    Ann DalyAnn Daly4 dager siden
  • Great explanation!! Thanks a lot for the learning experience.

    Martin PremrovMartin Premrov4 dager siden
  • where are F1 tires made?

    PetardăPetardă4 dager siden
  • Every time I watch a tire video I learn something new. I definitely learned a lot on this video. Many thanks.

    Rick in TexasRick in Texas4 dager siden
  • Wow... For the very first time, I know that the F1 wheels can help to warm up tires! Amazing! Love your channel.

    MC TakahashiMC Takahashi4 dager siden
  • Eliminate Tire warmers

    mmi16mmi164 dager siden
  • Can make a video on difference between pro mod,pro stock,funny car,top fuel dragster please.

    Thunder OpThunder Op4 dager siden
  • driver 69

    Tatacraft VinhasTatacraft Vinhas4 dager siden
  • Who else remembers Jeremy Clarkson's joke about Pirelli condoms?

    Anthony HTAnthony HT4 dager siden
  • Before i need to tell you about my spo *10sec skip spam*

    Kear_ParthurnaxKear_Parthurnax4 dager siden
  • 720p in 2021? Really?

    CheisdowninioCheisdowninio4 dager siden
  • Fancy creating a tyre that punishes for pushing hard in the car? This is F1 unnecessarily over complicating the show. Things were better when Bridge stone and Michelin did battle. Today its all graining super fuckin softs.

    Oscar EgboguOscar Egbogu4 dager siden
  • It about time to bring back mixed tyre brands to F1 just like how it used to be.

    Dilum WimalaratnaDilum Wimalaratna4 dager siden
  • Obligatory 'Bono...' comment

    MajesticDemonLordMajesticDemonLord4 dager siden
  • Great video - I learned a lot! Thanks! 👍

    Andrew EAndrew E4 dager siden
  • Not at the limit yet, now that they are making 3d printed pistons i think the engines might get a little more powerfull

    andres marquezandres marquez4 dager siden
  • 2:52 you missed the winters

    jbrittojbritto4 dager siden
  • F1 games (racing games/sims in general) needs to include a visual mode like at 4:51.

    Jec KekJec Kek4 dager siden
  • Nice work, very clear and concise info. Thanks

    flimluvrflimluvr4 dager siden
  • Those infrared videos of the tire temperature were great. I wonder why F1 cars do not have such cameras for races? Wouldn't it be cool to show viewers the temperatures of the wheels every now and then?

    Mikko RantalainenMikko Rantalainen4 dager siden
  • If you agree with the statement "We need to look at [...] how the tire is constructed which is incredibly interesting", congratulations, you are a 100% engineering geek. I guess that covers pretty much all subcribers of this channel...

    Mikko RantalainenMikko Rantalainen4 dager siden
  • Driver 61 drinking game - down a shot every time Scott says incredible !

    Paul TomlinPaul Tomlin4 dager siden
  • It makes me crazy when people ask for ‘ the cheapest tyre possible please!’

    Hoonatic BloggsHoonatic Bloggs4 dager siden
  • @Driver61 I have a question related to most recent qualifying maybe a noob one but since you talked about tyres here it is.... Why do some cars do better on softs and some better on mediums considering the latest qualifying session where Mercedes were much faster on mediums and red bulls much faster on softs? What differences in cars affects this? I will be really glad if you can explain this.

    Ali Azam RanaAli Azam Rana5 dager siden
    • Good question, one we can answer in a future video 👍🏻

      Driver61Driver615 dager siden
  • Amazing subject break down. Thank you.

    Piotr GacońPiotr Gacoń5 dager siden
  • The only thing mandating crappy tyres that degrade does is to make the “races” little more than a “drive to save your tyres” instead of a 10/10ths Hammer-and-Tongs race from start to finish. Drives go just fast enough to minimise tyre wear hoping their competition does poorly and needs to pit. Make it so drivers have to drive minimum 20 laps on a set of tyres, give them tyres that can perform for many, many laps and mandate a minimum of 1 pitstop. The current F1 format is not about being the acme of motor racing, but a clown show.

    Borys NijinskiBorys Nijinski5 dager siden
  • Great video!

    Marcus VinasMarcus Vinas5 dager siden