The Future Of Reasoning

28. april. 2021
3 638 006 Ganger

This video was created in partnership with Bill Gates and was inspired by his new book “How to Avoid a Climate Disaster.” Find out more here: gatesnot.es/3t1u93B
LINKS TO LEARN MORE:
my twitter: twitter.com/tweetsauce
my instagram: instagram.com/electricpants
The extended mind thesis: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extended_mind_thesis
MinuteEarth video on how greenhouse gasses work: notown.info/two/video/2bmtpH2ZndSmtck.html
Molecule animations from molcalc.org
"The Enigma of Reason" by Hugo Mercier and Dan Sperber: www.hup.harvard.edu/catalog.php?isbn=9780674237827
"Do You Know Yourself?" Mind Field S1E8 notown.info/two/video/yJelmmx4qLN8tc0.html
Hyperobects:
www.upress.umn.edu/book-division/books/hyperobjects
notown.info/two/video/qdZ6q22oiMJdp9k.html
Jonathan Haidt's famous "emotional dog" paper about moral reasoning:
www.rudygarns.com/class/neuroethics/lib/exe/fetch.php/a/haidt.2001.emotional_dog_rational_tail.pdf
Cognitive Niche: www.pnas.org/content/107/Supplement_2/8993#:~:text=In%20biology%2C%20a%20%E2%80%9Cniche%E2%80%9D,cause%2Dand%2Deffect%20reasoning%20and
Lottocracy:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sortition
www.coursera.org/lecture/revolutionary-ideas-borders-elections-constitutions-prisons/lecture-7-4-0-the-lottocracy-VL69f
Visual system diagram by RATZNIUM en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Visual_system#/media/File:ERP_-_optic_cabling.jpg
SONGS USED
in order of appearance
all from audionetwork unless otherwise noted
Chillout Lounge
The Crescent
Political Manoeuvres
Pagan Forest Choir
Moon Men (Jake Chudnow)
Glowing Moon 3
Lazy Daze
Innate Knowledge
Houston Keys
Moon Men (Jake Chudnow)
Chillout Lounge
They're Coming
I Can See the Sea
Mysterious Island
Urban Lands
For Leah (Jake Chudnow)
I'll Send You A Post Card _ What My Nervous Stomach Sounds Like (Jake Chudnow)
Going Down (Jake Chudnow)
Lonely Night 2
Turquoise (Jake Chudnow)

Kommentarer
  • Maybe do a video on if the brain and mind can ever be separated?

    UHFStation1UHFStation12 minutter siden
  • Resource-Based Economy is the application of the scientific method for social concern. This is the best path forward. If you want to defeat that reasoning, you have to use the scientific method against itself, which only makes it stronger. Have fun living in a sub-par society until everyone figures out that that is the best path.

    Rogue PlanetRogue Planet5 minutter siden
  • President by lottery?

    Joshua TalleyJoshua Talley12 minutter siden
  • That is my problem, I look at the world like a logic puzzle.

    Dechronrod derpDechronrod derp15 minutter siden
  • I missed Vsauce videos so much!

    GundamZeroSevenGundamZeroSevenTime siden
  • That was so good, for so many reasons.

    AvatarAvatarTime siden
  • ayyeyeyeye multiple videos!!!

    Erik AwwadErik AwwadTime siden
  • So Big Pharma´s poster child sponsored this video? ...Let me put my suspicion glasses

    SparkyarSparkyarTime siden
  • every camera cuts i look at at his hand, cause that watch appears and vanish everytime

    You TubeYou TubeTime siden
  • Shit man, that was a masterpiece.

    EnemyOfEldarEnemyOfEldar2 timer siden
  • The impossible kid, here. Hmm. Thanks for saying something.

    Russell Kirby LaFarletteRussell Kirby LaFarlette2 timer siden
  • Lettuce

    Murilo MartiniMurilo Martini2 timer siden
  • The number of people spelling the name Michael wrong in the comments is honestly alarming

    Michael LMichael L2 timer siden
  • Think it's really nice how the "solves problems" part featured a power bank. Indeed, but if every tool that makes life more convenient is a part of our mind then the entirety of human made structures on earth are.

    Francisco Manuel Sánchez RubioFrancisco Manuel Sánchez Rubio2 timer siden
  • 1:57 I was expecting the other song to play

    PowWow AnimationsPowWow Animations2 timer siden
  • It feels like everytime I learn about something, Michael expands upon it that same week. I just found out what the 'Great Filter' was last week; and now, Michael has uploaded a video with the 'Great Filter' in.

    Shaun RoseShaun Rose2 timer siden
  • The return of the king

    Garrett WrightGarrett Wright3 timer siden
  • I HAVE THE SAME CHAIR FFFFFFFF IOMG!!! I am one with Michael :')

    TheFallenGalleryTheFallenGallery3 timer siden
  • Vsauce for president

    8888883 timer siden
  • When you mentioned Bill Gates 🤮

    CockParkourCockParkour4 timer siden
  • this video has been mind fucking me for the last 3 days straight!!! 🥴😫

    KingKing4 timer siden
  • Please make these more often ❤️

    Jake ScampiniJake Scampini4 timer siden
  • We are not programmed to be bad or good that’s irrelevant we are programmed to improve. The solution to biased reasoning is being better at reasoning. Reason is a byproduct of being social or being social is a byproduct of reason? Don’t you think the realization that we could solve common problems by uniting into large groups that we couldn’t on our own isn’t part of reason? Communication is definitely a byproduct of being social that has allowed us to share and unite reason (individual knowledge, individual observations). The Crowd??? A group of smart people thinking constantly about a problem will find better solutions than the crowd. A. couple of competent mathematicians can solve a complex mathematical problem better than a thousand non mathematicians. Lottocracy?? Sure if you ever need a surgery pick a random person from the crowd and see how that goes. Literally every single innovation, or political influence that led humanity forwards came by the few great minds and not by the crowd!

    Krison NiloKrison Nilo4 timer siden
  • Can we measure it with an awesomemometer? That will be my question everytime time someone says they're awesome

    EdiTextEdiText4 timer siden
  • Michael: i am not and elephant me: but can you *prove* it?

    SanSan4 timer siden
  • Micheal talks about having no major corporation influencing the decisions of people in power. Also Micheal, this was brought to you in partnership with Bill Gates....

    Army accountArmy account4 timer siden
  • How did you get a copy of my manifesto?

    Nicholas AltNicholas Alt4 timer siden
  • You are standing inside of your mind ✨

    Skurban VintroSkurban Vintro5 timer siden
  • Thanks for this video... One of them best from NOtown

    Eduardo GarciaEduardo Garcia5 timer siden
  • It's nice to see, that advanced minds like you are concerned about same problems that I am about, and in a similar way.

    Serenity DepartedSerenity Departed5 timer siden
  • Vsauce philosophy

    Sadie EdelmanSadie Edelman5 timer siden
  • Great talk, Michael. Thanks!

    Etan LevaviEtan Levavi5 timer siden
  • 14:16 Actually, as an autistic person, this is exactly how I deduce people's emotions. I have to consciously read facial expressions and try to remember which ones mean which. And I often get it wrong!

    SkywreckdemonSkywreckdemon5 timer siden
  • this video is very peculiar 🤔

    MinecraftPoonSlayer69MinecraftPoonSlayer695 timer siden
  • HEY, VSAUCE, MINDMAGIC HERE

    MindmagicMindmagic5 timer siden
  • We need to stop voting hacks into high positions of power.

    ThePhreakassThePhreakass6 timer siden
  • I wish Vsauce was my science teacher D:

    Elless StudiosElless Studios6 timer siden
  • Leftist crap.

    DiogenesDiogenes6 timer siden
  • Carbon emissions are not a filter it doesn’t adhere to what would be needed of such an event.

    war frameeeswar frameees6 timer siden
  • Can’t stop thinking about other philosophers and how they interacted in daily life. Unless someone captured a glimpse of their candid selves, their personality is forever lost to us.

    Salik KhatriSalik Khatri6 timer siden
  • I came here after watching a video of Putin tearing Megyn Kelly a new one on the subject of Russian interference of US elections got me asking myself, "why, specifically, do I discredit everything Putin says, while I'm far more likely to believe most things the West says about Russia?" Reasons to distrust Putin are obvious but specific reasons to trust Western governments? Much less obvious. Enter this video explaining this bias.

    TerryTerry6 timer siden
  • You know Michael, 2024 is just around the corner 👀

    Bold Brew GamingBold Brew Gaming6 timer siden
  • This kind of content saves what's left of my faith, in this doomed planet

    mimalamimala7 timer siden
  • ((69.295666÷55)+(69.2956655÷55))÷2=Cube Root 2

    Twister 1134Twister 11347 timer siden
  • Very nice and interesting video.

    David KruseDavid Kruse7 timer siden
  • I hate Bill Gates

    FranklinFranklin7 timer siden
  • hey there! what are your thoughts on manifestation? how does it work? is it real? if not what is the psychology behind it? hopin to see ur reply soon : )

    _ Imentet.__ Imentet._7 timer siden
  • 13:13 - 13:57 explains this past year

    CyriusCyrius7 timer siden
  • Crowd wisdom? Look how easily fooled and deceived people are, look at how people refuse to use logic and think for themselves, the past year alone has proved that ‘crowd wisdom’ doesn’t work in the real world.

    CyriusCyrius7 timer siden
  • Great. Simply wowed me. But to reach the real anti intellectualists in our society, Michael needs to dumb it down a lot. But will NOtown recommend these videos to climate change deniers and flat earthers ?

    Thiaghu RajanThiaghu Rajan7 timer siden
  • Michael Stevens can get off topic so fluidly

    архив каналархив канал7 timer siden
  • I don't think concrete cities are a definition of "increased quality of life," as we came from nature and most feel happier and more fulfilled when there are beautiful forests, canyons, mountains, etc. as constant scenery and interaction, and a true human connection. Technology is and can be fun, but it doesn't increase quality of life, aside from medicine. Nature and human connection does that.

    BDSandMBDSandM8 timer siden
  • Better Reasoning = More Freedom

    P H A R A O HP H A R A O H8 timer siden
  • Spot on...

    bigfootpegrandebigfootpegrande8 timer siden
  • Boring. He lost his touch years ago.

    SnoopyDooSnoopyDoo8 timer siden
  • As soon as you said you partnered with Bill Gates. Thumbs down. Unsubscribed. Long time fan of yours. Not anymore.

    Shane KarzeyShane Karzey8 timer siden
  • Michael- it's like you are in my head- I literally lay in bed at night pondering these exact things... I have always anecdotally made commentary that a person ( singular) is intelligent but that as a whole, people, groups of people, together are collectively stupid- a herd mentality, and the loss of inhibitions when the masses are involved - riots, insurrection, club culture, world wars- it appears to be intelligent people making bad decisions together, but this concept of reason, and post rationalizations, has further polarized my thinking on this. Yes many bad things happen when groups of people act based on questionable motivations and vaguely relevant reasons, who later defend their reasoning or justify the outcome- however as I shift my perspective - I realize that many great things have happened through a collective of great and powerful actions of many cooperating together for the greater good! I believe that the the true anecdote to justification, blaming and shaming is responsibility. We don't' have a lack of reasoning on our planet, our nations or our communities- I think - perhaps more importantly- we lack a sense of responsibility for the outcome we are creating. Maybe, instead of waiting for our Lord and Savior Elon Musk :) we could all take a little more responsibility :) Replace politicians with juries of random and reasonable people- and define our leaders as those who are able to bring together the masses to guide their actions to a greater good- decided of course by our lottery of juries. SO yes Michael - we will follow to a new planet to start our own utopian civilization. ( Also Welcome back - hope to see more of you sooner rather than later)

    R CiastkoR Ciastko9 timer siden
  • "Paul is looking at Mary. Mary is looking at Peter. Paul is married. Peter is unmarried. Is a married person looking at an unmarried person?" Not enough information to decide, of course? Let me explain. Paul is looking at Mary (Paul being married) he may OR may not be looking at a married person since we do not know the marriage status of Mary. Mary (who's status is unknown) is looking at Peter (an unmarried person). If it was a maths equation, both situations would go as follows. MARRIED is looking at UNDEFINED UNDEFINED is looking at MARRIED. Am I missing something here?

    Thomas MillsThomas Mills9 timer siden
  • Maaaaaannn. Ur stupid.

    Игорь ЖуковИгорь Жуков9 timer siden
  • Lolz, nothing but a half hour of pseudoscience word salad with no relation to reality...🙄🙄

    Lee Harvey HitlerLee Harvey Hitler9 timer siden
  • This was a shower thought of mine a couple months ago, and now I feel validated.

    AlienaAliena9 timer siden
  • Two points, this government will still be enforced by cops at gunpoint and will quickly be rigged. This is the same old Fabian socialist bs. I stand corrected, the people will be picked randomly by the Microsoft democratic software lol.

    TrelleborgTrelleborg9 timer siden
  • The return of the king 👑

    Lil EssieLil Essie10 timer siden
  • Please how good is this Channel ? You threw a bunch of philosophy conundrum and came to a great conclusion without a single cut. You truly master how to "reasoning", and I think I will "intuitively" consent with you without any clear or self-prepared explanation. I wish to have such critical thinking skills in order to reason myself, to really BE social and make a healthy debate at any niche of your flawless discourse. Thank you, Michael.

    Tiến Đào NguyênTiến Đào Nguyên10 timer siden
  • Cognitive biases hmmm, like affirming manmade global warming with the knowledge of several preindustrial global warming events? Thanks for the community college psychology 101 lesson, not a bad theory though.

    TrelleborgTrelleborg10 timer siden
  • Why are we?

    Stevie's DistrictStevie's District10 timer siden
  • Magistral! Con estos conceptos/ideas me armo una tarde de videos y cerveza. Gracias dios que es domingo ; memoria Hacer juicios Resolver problemas Planear REASON Comunicación Tecnosapiens consecuencias involuntarias Hiperobjeto Gran filtro Inercia del comportamiento Atendiendo a los hechos no es como el razonamiento funciona. Comprobado científicamente. Intuición Creencias Sesgos profundos Los otros La razón en teoría social Sesgo de confirmación El colectivo (razonamiento es una actividad colectiva) Puede que el futuro de la razón sea su pasado Lottocracy

    VALENTIN COLLI PADRONVALENTIN COLLI PADRON10 timer siden
  • referendum everything

    tsartomatotsartomato10 timer siden
  • Ah, sounds religious... At least ideological or philosophical. The opening at least.

    PaulthoredPaulthored10 timer siden
  • 2:49 Ted Kaczynski time 😎

    Nathan BosNathan Bos10 timer siden
  • Another once great channel that's sold-out to propaganda 🙄

    Aaron RodriguezAaron Rodriguez11 timer siden
  • Awenomometer says 10 lol 😎

    Machiel van DijkMachiel van Dijk11 timer siden
  • Here are some things that are totally wrong in this video. - 1) He gave the example of athens, that's a weak point because athens was an immature & unstable state. That's why spartans defeated them most of the times. majority of the Spartans were living a strict militarily life. Egyptians also considered athenians as immature due to the same reason. 2) No one failed that syllogism when I asked people. I think lack of linguistic skills is a reason that people fail that test. 3) That elephant logic example was totally out of context, I don't know why he added that to the video. 4)again, People gave reasons for the rejected photos due to our short term memory problems. If you show them the photo with its pair, they will definitely reject that pic again. 5) We identify emotions because that's inbuilt, it is kind of a reaction. Just like we don't touch hot flames. 6) Democracy failed again and again with the tragic deaths of socrates, aristotle, savarkar etc. I know that lots of monarchies also killed people but at least other systems do not play the 'holier than thou' game. Crimes, injustice, etc happens in democracy too but with an illusion that commoners rule. Thousands of indian soldiers die in the coward attacks by pakistan but we call it peace time. And even if there are less wars in democracy ( let's assum that democracy is the only reason behind peace) it doesn't provide a quality life to those who are alive. Democracy doesn't have the solutions for depression, anxiety, infobesity, purposelessness, diminishing masculinity, addictions and many more. 7) The best monarchy is always better than the best democracy. Take the example of chattrapati shivaji maharaj's hindavi swarajya. It was a welfare state. There are many more like the mahajapadas, cholas, pandyas, cheras, guptas, bappa raval, rana sanga, maharana pratap's mewar, chalukyas, satvahans etc. 8) power isn't meant for everyone, that's why we call it 'power'. I think this is very easy to understand but people run from this fact. This applies to everything, money/muscle/mind. These forms of power are oddly distributed. Nature promotes inequality, we can't escape it. Now I am not saying that we should treat people like they are subhumans but giving 'equal opportunity' when we already know that the outcomes aren't going to be 'equal' is dishonesty. Check the vsause video of zipf's law it will definitely help you in understanding what I am trying to say here. 9) Truth is truth, it doesn't matter if it comes from the masses or a single person. Guessing jellybeans & electing politicians are totally two different things. & Just like we don't interfere with the work of philosophers, physicists, engineers, farmers, labourers, traders etc (because we can't) I don't understand why everyone's opinion matters equally when it comes to politics. This is nothing but injustice. I mean the opinion of a person who has studied ideologies, history, religon, change in societies, data for decades is equal to an 18 year old or a drunkard or a just anyone. Funny how people think that democracy promotes meritocracy when the voters aren't educated at all. & there is no merit for voting. Forget about reservation -representation schemes. Take the example of india, the congress part is hinduphobic but acts like secular & the bjp acts like hindutvavadi but is secular in nature. All of this just for votes & popularity. More involvement of people in politics isn't going to work out without strict education of that everything related to it. Again, this takes us back to the socrates problem. We need to train the majority strictly in education but majority can never be intellectual & they will never know the importance of it. There are other factors in this like bad habits or laziness is easier than gaining knowledge. People gravitate towards comfort. Even the good things can be 'oppressive' for some. 10) This video is filled with logical fallcies like appeal to popularity, appeal to authority, generalisations etc. I hope you notice that. It is also filled with contradictions. Like, aristotle was totally against the so called collective wisdom, democracy, revolutions, equality. I don't know why he used his quote. First he shows that people fail in reasoning with that one syllogism ( remember that even if a group of people is bad at syllogism of one subject, that doesn't mean reasoning is wrong) & then supports collective wisdom by giving a jellybean example.

    bad personbad person11 timer siden
    • @pluto the planet what?

      bad personbad person10 timer siden
    • tf

      pluto the planetpluto the planet11 timer siden
  • Boooo! bill gates Is evil bruh

    NorthShoreBuiltNorthShoreBuilt11 timer siden
  • dude, you like to think. you should know CO2 levels have been ridiculously higher in the history of the planet. why are you selling the climate crissis fear porn?

    Adam UrbanAdam Urban11 timer siden
  • Am I broken? I analyse someone’s mannerisms to figure out their mood in exactly the way Michael says we don’t, the way he says things come naturally to us without thinking…

    ShALLaXShALLaX11 timer siden
  • I have a feeling that lottocracy gonna make everything slower. Democracy is slow as it is.

    Javier Aahmes ReansyahJavier Aahmes Reansyah11 timer siden
  • Love it - thanks Michael! To do good reasoning you need good evidence. To be moral you also need compassion. Hence Sentientism: "Evidence, reason and compassion for all sentient beings".

    SentientismSentientism12 timer siden
  • Crazy how much this opens up your mind if you actually listen to it

    F 12F 1212 timer siden
  • Way out in the water I see swimming

    Fruity BleachFruity Bleach12 timer siden
  • Age of reason died. sorry to pop your bubble

    Gehres WeedGehres Weed12 timer siden
  • Incredible. Thank you for making this during the covid pandemic when there is such divisiveness

    Kevin VanDenBreemenKevin VanDenBreemen13 timer siden
  • I fall a sleep while watching

    Sohel Bin Mohamad NaserSohel Bin Mohamad Naser13 timer siden
  • Video is globalist propaganda sponsored by Bill.

    jj13 timer siden
  • Techno sapien, more like "Homo Deus" (: I still need to read it but I know the gist

    Michael GieselerMichael Gieseler14 timer siden
  • For a long time I’ve believed that a big problem with our current way of governing ourselves is how inaccessible, elite, and expensive it currently is. Important decisions (affecting entire nations) are made by people who are disgustingly insulated from the rest of society’s troubles. Another big issue is just how well money, power, and politics equate with one another. Politics should not be fuelled by greed for money or power. Of course it’s another story if this (ever) changes. I wanted to say this in relation to the end of the video, which really clicked with me.

    Spencer LukaySpencer Lukay14 timer siden
  • That's ωhγ my minδ is calleδ my 'Minε.'

    Asher WadeAsher Wade14 timer siden
  • The dislike are from PragerU and their fanbabys.

    Novelty thiefNovelty thief14 timer siden
  • Watching it at 2160p

    Atharv PandeyAtharv Pandey14 timer siden
  • Like almost all platforms, NOtown does exactly that. The comment section gives the users the freedom to deliberate on their opinions concerning an option or an issue. Users then achieve an average opinion by combining different extreme opinions. Maybe technology is not that bad after all, things are done as before just with different mediums, with people like Vsauce, new age philosophers, mediating and introducing ideas.

    Rayanne FawazRayanne Fawaz15 timer siden
  • Love how the warmup to the vid is almost 6 min

    Heavy_Support_Heavy_Support_15 timer siden
  • I don't know, lottocracy would mean some anti vaxxer could end up making a decision

    Pibe GonzalezPibe Gonzalez15 timer siden
  • No, thank you Vsauce! Thank you for sharing. Very inspirational and mind opening.

    Ka MiKa Mi15 timer siden
  • Earth is a realm, not a planet We are under the dome

    Roman M.Roman M.15 timer siden
    • @Roman M. Planets arent lights in the sky, we have probes on three of the nine planets, five orbiting jupiter, three on saturn, one orbiting mercury, several rovers driving on mars's deserts. They are always sending data.

      Aditya KhanAditya Khan12 timer siden
    • @Roman M. I really wanna put links. Heres one if youre curious about the mathematical calculations involved. Im gonna split the lik up so my comment doesnt dissapear and you can copy paste it. Its really complicated stuff, but the solar model is the accepted one which has been used to do research for centuries. There are ofcoiurse obvious examples of the earth roundness such as the dish satelites in earths orbit that are the reason we have the internet. h ttps ://www. wired. com/ 20 14/ 0 4/how-do- we-know-the-earth-orbits-the-sun/ Asking questions is an awesome trait, never just take something for given. This is a useful trait amongst scientists.

      Aditya KhanAditya Khan12 timer siden
    • @Aditya Khan Still no naturally observed phenomena that proves the Earth is a light in the sky ("a celestial body"). Besides the word body means something physical and tangible, unlike what the sky is. So this is reversed even in that

      Roman M.Roman M.12 timer siden
    • @Aditya Khan So, the definition of the celestial body is a celestial body? Why we need to define Earth through lights in the sky? Does this look like a correct approach to you?

      Roman M.Roman M.12 timer siden
    • Heres the definition of celestial. celestial /sɪˈlɛstɪəl/ Learn to pronounce adjective "positioned in or relating to the sky, or outer space as observed in astronomy." "a celestial body"

      Aditya KhanAditya Khan12 timer siden
  • I feel like he took a lot of drugs and is enlightened

    GUTTA-KIDD-LAGUTTA-KIDD-LA16 timer siden
  • What is this a 30min pop-science-culture video? yuck

    StensballeStensballe16 timer siden
  • I know the pieces fit cuz I watched them tumble down No fault, none to blame it doesn't mean I don't desire to Point the finger, blame the other, watch the temple topple over. To bring the pieces back together, rediscover communication

    Nicole LuiNicole Lui16 timer siden
  • We all know not to trust billionaires, but I trust that Michael was able to work around Gates's influence, valuing purity of fact over money... However, Michael did still plug a Gates book, furthering Gates's wealth indirectly, some of which will inevitably go into well-poisoning other foundational framework-building media pieces. It's hard for a billionaire to lose.

    Emma FassinoEmma Fassino17 timer siden
  • 14:16 - Some people do. Sociopaths.

    MarquisMarquis17 timer siden
  • Wow, that was deep. Thanks for that dive!

    George TrofymovGeorge Trofymov17 timer siden
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